The current banana is a hybrid, cultivated in all tropical regions of the world for its prized fruit, but also for its ornamental and textile fibers provided. Native to Southeast Asia and the Pacific, according to the Andalusian agronomist Ibn al-Awwam it came to the Iberian Peninsula brought by the Arabs around the twelfth century, although its cultivation was restricted to areas of warmer climate such as Sevilla. The very word banana seems to derive from the Arabic term for ‘fingers’ by the similarity of the fruit with that part of the human body.
The chronicler Peter Martyr (c.1455-1526) found bananas in tropical America, as he tells us in his Decades of Orbo Novo. His way to approach this plant is typical of the chroniclers of the time, trying to identify the new with the already known or cited in classical sources. Anglería calls it muse and records where it takes its name: foreign traffickers of useless scents and perfumes and scents of Arabia that make you girly, and useless pearls, who went to those lands [Arabia] looking for earnings called these fruits muses. The term muse was popular among Arabs to refer to the banana. It is a term taken from Latin, it comes from Antonio Musa, physician of the emperor Octavian Augustus in the first century BC.
The description made from a photograph taken around the years 1850-1851, belonging to the photo album of Viscount Vigier, suggests that in the Garden of Prince of the Royal Alcázar there were specimens of banana already planted.